Severe Beach Erosion at South Nags Head, NC (2009)
Landowners who build near the shore are at risk of losing their property to coastal erosion and tides as surges become ever higher in face of sea level rise and climate change. Photo Courtesy Craig Landry.
California King Tides
“King Tides” occur when the gravitational pull of the sun and the moon are in alignment. When these tides happen at the same time as stormy weather, high water levels indicate how climate change might impact our communities in the future. Courtesy King Tide Initiative.
Deep Sea Mining Threatens Ocean Ecosystems
Rare earth metals are found in or on the seabed, and a growing number of governments and companies are developing deep seabed mining ventures for mineral exploration. Mining could devastate biodiversity hotspots as sediment waste and pollution from toxic heavy metals are discharged. Photo courtesy of Nautilus.
Algal Bloom on China's Coasts
An algae bloom, or “green tide,” has clogged nearly 7,700 square miles (20,000 square kilometers) of the Yellow Sea. Such massive blooms require waters rich in phosphorus and nitrogen, which originate in fertilizers and are carried to the coasts by water runoff. Photo courtesy of Pix Grove.
South Korean Seafood Market
Seafood provides a large part of people's food worldwide and contributes much to local economies. But international fishing pressures threaten ocean ecosystems. Nonmarket values and subsidies play a significant role in the equation. Photo courtesy of Jeffery Adkins.
Complex Marine Economy in U.S. Harbors
Tugboats, cargo ships, cruise ships, and recreational tour boats all contribute to a very diverse marine economy, playing a critical role in assisting with the flow of commerce in our nation’s ports and harbors. Photo courtesy of Charles Colgan.
Virginia is among top ten beach nourishment states by expenditure in the U.S. Over four-fifths of funding comes from the federal government. (NOEP, 2014)
Oil Rigs in Louisiana
Offshore oil production in LA comprised over 500 million barrels in 2010 (State of the U.S. Ocean & Coastal Economies 2014, NOEP). Courtesy of Charles Colgan.
Pacific Grove, CA
Use of non-native plant species to stabilize beaches is common in California. Photo courtesy of Charles Colgan.
Local Economies Evolve in Face of Seafood Declines
Economies in small coastal communities in the Northeastern U.S. have evolved as supplies of lobster and other seafood decline precipitously. Courtesy Charles Colgan.
New Beach House
Adaptations will be necessary in face of Sea Level Rise. This home was rebuilt on the Mississippi coast after Hurricane Katrina struck the area. Courtesy Charles Colgan.
Pebble Beach Golf Links, Monterey Peninsula
Built in 1919, Pebble Beach Golf Links faces severe storm damage in face of sea level rise. Most or all of the rise can be attributed to global warming, which warms and expands global oceans, and causes glaciers and ice sheets to decay. Photo courtesy of Judith Kildow.
Miami's South Beach
The tourism and recreation economic sector has nine industries, with eating & drinking places and hotels & lodging accounting for 94% of 2010 sector employment (NOEP, 2014)
Nonmarket Value of Waves
The thousands of miles of coastline in America, with majestic beaches and diverse marine wildlife, are some of the nation's most enduring treasures. Photo courtesy of Judith Kildow.
The Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics is funded and managed by the Center for the Blue Economy at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey.